Tooth Anatomy Explained by Your Farmington Hills Dentist

Have you ever wondered why teeth are different sizes and shapes? Do you know that different types of teeth serve different functions when it comes to chewing and tearing food? If you have wondered what makes up teeth and how they function, Dr. Aziza Askari, your Farmington Hills cosmetic dentist, and our team at Comfort Dental Spa have the scoop.

Parts of the Teeth

Crown – The crown is the visible portion of the tooth above the gum line.

Tooth Enamel – Composed of strong minerals, tooth enamel is the outer coating of your teeth that protects the sensitive interior structures from bacteria. Tooth enamel is primarily composed of calcium phosphate and is the strongest substance in your body.

Roots – Your teeth have roots that are anchored into the jawbone. The roots also house nerve endings.

Dentin – Located beneath tooth enamel, dentin houses small tubules that contain cellular material. Unlike tooth enamel, dentin is very vulnerable to decay.

Pulp Chamber – Located inside the tooth, the pulp chamber houses important cellular material and nerve endings. In healthy teeth, the pulp chamber is protected from external bacteria; however, severe decay can inflame and infect nerve endings.

Types of Teeth

Incisors – Located at the front of your mouth, incisors are anterior teeth that do not have cusps and are used for biting at food.

Canines – These teeth are sharpest teeth in your mouth. Located on the upper set of teeth, canines tear food.

Bicuspids – Also known as premolars, bicuspids help grind and chew food into smaller pieces.

Molars – Located at the back of teeth, molars have the flattest surface and multiple cusps. Their flat surfaces help grind food for swallowing.

Dr. Askari and our team encourage patients to visit our Farmington Hills dentist office every six months for dental cleanings and checkups to help keep your teeth in great shape. To schedule an appointment, contact Comfort Dental Spa at (248) 474-6434. We serve patients from Dearborn, Novi, Livonia, Farmington Hills, and the surrounding Detroit neighborhoods.