Gum Disease and Hormones Explained by Farmington Hills Dentist

Women may have additional susceptibility to dental issues compared to their male counterparts. Hormonal changes can affect the body’s response to toxins from plaque buildup. This leads to a statistically higher rate of periodontal disease (gum disease) in women. Dr. Askari, your Farmington Hills dentist, discusses how hormonal fluctuations can heighten gum disease rates for female patients.

Hormonal Imbalances Affect Gum Health

There are many times in a woman’s life when hormonal upheaval abounds,  and so heightened susceptibility to oral health problems are seen. Estrogen and progesterone surge in puberty, increasing blood flow to the gums. Types of birth control that increase progesterone can inflame gum tissue. Both of these  can result in the body exhibiting an exaggerated reaction to plaque, and increasing gum disease rates.

Menstrual cycles can lead to swollen salivary glands and gums. When a woman is pregnant, hormones shift by the minute. Between the second and eighth month of pregnancy, many patients report significant gum disease flare ups.

Around the time of menopause, many women are prescribed with additional medications to help with the symptoms, as well as other ailments that come with age. Between the hormones and medications, menopausal women often report altered tastes, increased sensitivity in teeth, burning mouth syndrome, and dry mouth. Bone density can also decrease when menstruation stops, which can result in gum recession.

Battle Hormonal Changes with Oral Hygiene

To help avoid issues of gum disease as a result of hormonal shifts, follow these tips:

  • Keep up with oral hygiene
  • Visit your dentist twice a year for a dental examination and cleaning.
  • Avoid complex carbohydrates and sugar to keep tooth decay at bay.
  • Ask your dentist for a recommendation for a mouthrinse that can help keep the amount of bacteria in your mouth to a minimum.
  • Be conscious of dry mouth. If your saliva production is substantially low, and extra hydration isn’t providing relief, ask your dentist about possible treatments.

Contact Your Farmington Hills Dentist for a Checkup

If you would like to schedule an appointment with Dr. Askari, you can call our Farmington Hills dentist office at (248)566-6490. We are happy to provide comprehensive dentistry to patients from Farmington Hills, Dearborn, Novi, Livonia, Detroit, the 48335 zip code, and surrounding communities.